Theophylline: Adverse Effects, Poisoning and Treatment Approaches

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Abstract: Theophylline, which is a methylxanthine derivative, has been commonly used in all over the world for many years due to its cheapness and effectiveness in treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is a close relationship between its bronchodilator effect and blood levels of theophylline. Maintenance of its blood level between 10-20 g/ml is important to obtain a maximum bronchodilator effect. Besides having a narrow therapeutic range, its alteration of pharmacokinetic characteristics due to individually factors, drugs, diet, and habits such as smoking and alcohol has led to requirement of more carefully use of theophylline for patients at every age. In the present review article, in addition to pharmacokinetic/ dynamic properties of theophylline, its adverse effects, poisoning with over dose of theophylline and approaches of its treatment have been given.

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  • Recieved: 13.09.2010
  • Accepted: 24.09.2010
  • Published Online: 24.09.2010
  • Printed: 01.09.2011
  • DOI: 10.4328/JCAM.382
  • Author: Muhammed Charehsaz, Aylin Gurbay, Muhammed Evvah Karakilic, Gonul Sahin
  • Identifier: J Clin Anal Med. 2011;2(3):157-163
  • Index Page: 157-163
  • How to Cite: Muhammed Charehsaz, Aylin Gurbay, Muhammed Evvah Karakilic. Theophylline: Adverse Effects, Poisoning and Treatment Approaches. J Clin Anal Med. 2011;2(3):157-163
  • Running Title: Poisoning with Theophylline and Treatment Approaches
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