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25 OH vitamin D levels of patients living in Isparta, Turkey

Aim: Vitamin D levels influence the risk of fracture, rickets, osteomalacia, and osteoporosis. Vitamin D protects the body against muscle weakness, helps regulate the heartbeat, strengthens the immune system and thyroid func-tion, and is necessary for normal blood clotting. Vitamin D increases calcium absorption from the digestive tract, helps the accumulation of calcium in the bones and also accelerates the active transport of calcium. Humans obtain vitamin D from exposure to sunlight and from diet. Material and Method: The patients admitted to Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine Research and Application Hospital during a one-year period were examined to determine 25 OH vitamin D levels. 12,920 male and female patients were included in the study. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS. Results: There was a significant difference between 25 OH vitamin D levels of pa-tients in the winter season and the spring and summer seasons (<0.05). 25 OH vitamin D levels of men were significantly higher than those of women (<0.05). 25 OH vitamin D levels were low in 72.48% of all patients (<20 ng/ml). The ratio of 25 OH vitamin D levels less than 10 ng/ml was found in 40.92% of the patients. Discussion: When assessing 25 OH vitamin D levels, the season of the year and sex of the patients should be taken into consid-eration.

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Contribution of susceptibility weighted imaging sequence of MRI to diagnosis of parkinsons disease

Aim: Parkinson disease is the second most common neurodegenerative dis-ease. In Parkinson disease, iron content in basal ganglia of the brain increas-es. In the present study the contribution of susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) to the diagnosis of Parkinson disease was evaluated by investigating iron deposition in the basal ganglia of Parkinson disease patients. Material and Method: Thirty-five patients who had a clinical diagnosis of Parkinson disease and nineteen patients with a diagnosis of headache from the neurol-ogy clinic of our hospital from a similar age group were selected. Magnetic resonance images of the patients were compared retrospectively with the images obtained from the control group. Demographic data, disease dura-tion, age of first diagnosis and Parkinson clinical scores of the patients were recorded. Intensity measurements of the basal ganglia were obtained in SWI sequence. To make a quantitative analysis signal-noise ratio (SNR) was cal-culated from obtained measurements. Results: SNR results obtained from the basal ganglia with SWI sequence were significantly lower in the patient group compared with that from the control group (p<0.05). There was no correlation within the patient group between clinical score, disease dura-tion, patients’ age of first diagnosis and SNR results (p>0.05). Discussion: SWI sequence of magnetic resonance imaging may be used as supporting method for the diagnosis of Parkinson disease but it was not found very helpful in evaluating clinical severity, side of involvement and progression of the disease.

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Clinicopathologic features of breast diseases in a clinic

Aim: The breast tissue in women shows continuous change from birth with the hormonal effect, and various symptoms occur accordingly. Breast diseas-es are among the most common diseases seen in women and their incidence is continuously increasing. Material and Method: The records of patients aged 18 to 75 who were consulted to Ahi Evran University Training and Re-search Hospital General Surgery Clinic between October 2014-January 2016 and who were pathologically diagnosed with primary breast disease were retrospectively examined. Clinical information was analyzed with SPSS 19. Results: The most common patient complaint was breast pain (43 patients). The most commonly encountered benign pathology was fibroadenoma (24 patients). Inflammatory diseases were encountered in 12 patients. 26 pa-tients were diagnosed with malignant breast lesions. Discussion: In our study, similar to the literature, benign breast diseases formed the most commonly observed group, with a rate of 59.5%. Malign breast diseases formed the second most commonly diagnosed group, with a rate of 27.6%. Inflamma-tory breast diseases formed the third most commonly diagnosed group, with a rate of 12.7%.

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