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Evaluation of the normal tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance with magnetic resonance imaging in a Turkish population

Aim: Patellar instability is a common multifactorial knee pathology with a high recurrence rate. In this condition, the symptoms often continue and result in

the patient becoming susceptible to chondromalacia and osteoarthritis. Tibial tuberosity–trochlear groove distance (TT-TG) is very important in the evaluation

of patellofemoral joint instability. In this study, we investigated the normal value of TT-TG distance in men and women of different age groups and evaluated

the reliability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in TT-TG distance measurement. Material and Method: The study was carried out between January 2017

and December 2017 on 99 patients over the age of 18, all reporting knee pain but presenting with normal knee examination and MRI findings. The patients

with abnormal findings on knee MRI or physical examination were excluded from the study. Results: The mean age of the patients was 41.1 ± 11.0 years with a

median of 40 (18–68) years. The mean TT-TG distance in the whole population was 9.3 ± 3.3 mm, with a mean value of 9.9 ± 3.6 mm in men and 8.8 ± 3.0 mm

in women. Within the male and female patient groups, the TT-TG distance did not significantly differ by age (p = 0.646 and p = 0.570, respectively). Discussion:

In the present study, no significant difference was identified in the TT-TG distance measurement between males and females in different age groups. From the

results of this study, it can be concluded that MRI is a reliable method for the evaluation of TT-TG distance.

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Mr findings of retropharyngeal lipoma causing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Lipomas are the most common benign mesenchymal tumors of the body. Compared to other locations, lipomas localized in the head-neck region are much more rare,

with those located within the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces are among the rarest forms. Surgical treatment of lipomas is mainly due to cosmetic reasons.

Moreover, since a lipoma might cause serious health problems due to its pressure causing effect by mass as well as its localization, these would also require surgical

intervention. With this case presentation, we have aimed to report a 22- year old case with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, diagnosed as retropharyngeal lipoma

following MRI of the cervical region, along with data from a relevant literature.

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Evaluation of data collected in the first stage within the scope of hemoglobinopathy control program in Turkey’s east mediterranean city Kahramanmaraş

Aim: This study aimed at determine the frequency of hemoglobinopathy, which is one of the hereditary blood diseases, in Kahramanmaraş. Material and

Method: In this study, which has been planned in the descriptive style, the scan records of the couples reported to the Kahramanmaraş Provincial Directorate

of Health, Maternal and Infant Health Unit with the purpose of scanning whether they carried hemoglobinopathy prior to getting married between January

2012 and December 2016, have been analyzed retrospectively and the results have been evaluated. Results: According to the records, it has been determined

that 68.177 people’s scans have been taken in five years in Kahramanmaraş, the scanning rates varied between 70-90% and that 610 women and 573 men

have hemoglobinopathy. Between the years 2012-2014, the percentage of people with hemoglobinopathy has been determined as 1.43% and this percentage

has been observed to increase to 1.93% in 2015 and 2.50% in 2016. According to the data dated 2016, although there has been a decrease in the number

of people who got married and the number of scans prior to getting married, there has been an increase in the number of people with hemoglobinopathy.

Discussion: In the scan process carried out prior to marriage in Kahramanmaraş, the rates of carrying hemoglobinopathy have been found similar to the rates

in Turkey and the surrounding cities.

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