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Evaluation of jebsen-taylor hand function test for use in nursing students: close-future outlook

Aim: The purposes of this study are to evaluate the use of Jebsen-Taylor Test with template board in nursing students, to demonstrate the increased ease of

placement of test items, and to establish a means of assessing nursing students in a test which requires coordination skills. Material and Method: Our study

was performed with Trakya University undergraduate nursing students. This study included 168 students between April 2017 and June 2018. Evaluation of skill

and function was performed by the JTT and template board. Results: The study showed the mean durations to complete JTT and subtests in males and females.

In addition, p-values were recorded for males and females for each subtest. A statistically significant difference was found in “moving wide, light objects”. Durations

for subtests 3 and 5 in our study for both dominant and nondominant hands were shorter than the original article. Anthropometric measurements in our

study showed a significant relation only between forearm length and the JTT. Duration of the test was shorter for both hands in subjects who used computer for

more than 3 hours than subjects who used computer less frequently. Discussion: This study gives new data for the JTT, using a template board in a sample consisted

of nursing undergraduate students. It provides evidence that standard objective measures of hand function can be obtained in the educational and clinical

settings. In addition after determining the level of hand skills, various training simulations and technological tools can be developed to increase such skills.

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Osteochondroma of shoulder originating from glenoid: A rare cause of impingement syndrome

The aim of this case report is to guide the treatment when orthopedic surgeons encountered with scapular osteochondroma. Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) is one of the most frequent causes of shoulder discomfort. Osteochondroma-related subacromial impingement syndrome is rarely reported in the literature. In this case report, we describe the treatment of a 19-year-old female patient with a solitary osteochondroma who presented with pain and restricted movement in the shoulder region. Direct radiography indicated that a bone density mass had almost completely filled the subacromial region. The unique aspect of this report was the origin of the exostosis. Although osteochondromas originating from the posterior superior glenoid are uncommon, they can cause SAIS. Removal of the mechanical irritation with arthroscopic or open surgical techniques can reduce pain and facilitate recovery of shoulder function.

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The effect of pressure- and volume-controlled one -lung ventilation on lung dynamics and plasma malondialdehy de level

Aim: The main purpose of the study was to assess the effects of modes of volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during

one-lung ventilation (OLV) on serum malondialdehyde (MDA), which is the end product of lipid peroxidation. Arterial blood gases, respiratory dynamics,

and hemodynamic values were also comparatively investigated. Material and Method: This study is a single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical

study was conducted in the Single-center, Thoracic Surgery Operating Room of University Faculty of Medicine. Patients were randomly divided into two

groups: Group P (pressure controlled, 20 cases) and Group V (volume-controlled, 20 cases). Following induction, a double-lumen endotracheal tube was placed.

Hemodynamics and respiratory parameters were recorded during the operation. For MDA measurements, arterial blood specimens were taken just before the

operation (preoperative), after OLV, and 6 hours after the operation. Results: The values of hemodynamics were similar in both groups. Serum MDA measurements

were found similar in both groups at preoperative, end of OLV and 6 hours after the operation. Discussion: During OLV the effects of PCV and VCV on

plasma MDA levels are not different from each other. Therefore we are of the opinion that selection of PCV or VCV as respiratory mode created no significant

differences in oxidative stress.

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