Evaluation of case reports for contacts with risk of rabies-Samsun sample

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Aim: Turkey is an endemic area for rabies infection. The number of contact cases at risk of rabies has not decreased as quickly as expected. We investigated the one-year at-risk contacts observed in Samsun between January 1 and December 31, 2014. Material and Method: This is a retrospective, cross sectional study. Data were taken from at-risk contact report forms collected in public health institutions. Analyses were made on June 2015 using the SPSS 20.0 package software. Results: We analyzed 2892 cases, of whom 69.9% were male. The difference in median age by gender (m:27, f:32) is significant (p=0.000). More patients were found in the 10-19 age group (21.1%) than in any other group. 75.5% of the animals causing an at-risk contact were dogs; however, in Atakum, injuries were caused by cats at nearly two times the rate of other towns (p=0.000). At-risk contacts were observed most commonly in the spring (31.8%). Rate of females who take medication or have a diagnosed disease is nearly two times the rate in males (p=0.000). There was an extremity injury in 95.4% of the cases. Discussion: Stray dogs are a public health problem that must be addressed. Rabies infection can be prevented by vaccination and antiserum. Public health services should work in constant collaboration with other disciplines.

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  • Recieved: 25.01.2016
  • Accepted: 02.02.2016
  • Published Online: 02.02.2016
  • Printed: 01.05.2016
  • DOI: 10.4328/AEMED.78
  • Author: Onur Ozturk, Eylem Isik Uyar
  • Identifier: J Ann Eu Med 2016;4(2): 17-21
  • Index Page: 17-21
  • How to Cite: Onur Ozturk, Eylem Isik Uyar. Evaluation of case reports for contacts with risk of rabies-Samsun sample. J Ann Eu Med 2016;4(2): 17-21
  • Running Title: Evaluation of Contacts with Risk of Rabies
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